DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20205398

Cannulated cancellous screws versus dynamic hip screw in femoral neck fractures: a comparison in productive age group at tertiary care hospital of North India

Sakib Arfee, Akib Arfee, Adnan Aadil Arfee

Abstract


Background: Since intracapsular fracture neck femur was recognized by Ambrose Pare almost 4 centuries back, the management of intracapsular neck femur fracture has undergone many changes. The multitude of various implants designed and techniques available for its treatment themselves indicate the inadequacy of the various methods of treatment.  Objective was to compare cannulated cancellous screws (CCS) versus dynamic hip screw (DHS) in femoral neck fractures in productive age group.

Methods: This observational study with both prospective and retrospective data analysis of patients operated by different surgeons in same hospital setup has been conducted from March, 2018 to February, 2020 at the department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College (GMC), Jammu. 105 cases satisfying the inclusion criteria admitted in GMC Jammu were included clinically and radiologically. Total number of patients included in the study was 97 patients as 8 patients were lost to follow-up. Functional outcome was evaluated by using Harris hip scoring.

Results: In our study 8 CCS cases were lost to follow up. Total 97 of cases were followed up till one year both radiologically and clinically after a given time intervals and final assessment done on the basis of Harris hip score. Among 97 cases 71 were males most of them in age group of 41-45 years and 26 were females with 46-50 years age group predominance. 47.42% fractures were classified as type III in garden’s staging.  

Conclusions: DHS is a better implant than CCS in hands of doctors who lack of expertise and precision i.e. required for CCS in fracture neck femur in young adult patients.


Keywords


CCS vs. DHS, Fracture NOF, Tertiary care hospital, North India

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References


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