DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4510.IntJResOrthop20185056

Medial epicondyle fractures in children: a study of functional outcome of surgical fixation

Subraya B. Kuloor, Abdul J. Shareef, Anupam Sudeep

Abstract


Background: Medial epicondyle fracture is a common elbow injury in children. It is associated with elbow dislocation in many cases. Treatment of displaced medial epicondyle fracture with and without elbow dislocation is a debated topic. Surgical and non surgical methods are practiced with variable results.

Methods: Our study was a prospective study of medial epicondyle fractures treated by surgical fixation with k wires. We studied total of 24 cases out of which 15 had elbow dislocation. The study period was from 2012 to 2015 and indications for surgery were displacement more than 5 mm, elbow instability, incarceration of fragment, ulnar nerve irritation. Open reduction and internal fixation with K wire done. We used joystick method while reducing the fragment with k wire which was a great help. We assessed the cases using mayo elbow performance score.

Results: Our study yielded excellent results in 92% of patients (mayo elbow performance score >90). There was no major difference in clinical outcome between two groups of patients. Complications like instability and non-union not seen following surgical fixation with K wires. The mean loss of flexion, extension, supination, and pronation was 4, 5, 3 and 2 degrees respectively with elbow dislocation group and 2, 3, 1, 1 in without dislocation group. Pre op instability seen in 54% patients was absent in follow up period. Stiffness was more in elbow dislocation group but overall performance was almost equal.

Conclusions: Surgical fixation of medial epicondyle fractures yields excellent results and may be advisable when indicated.


Keywords


Medial epicondyle, Elbow dislocation, K wire fixation, Mayo elbow performance score

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